Theft is a type of non-violent property offence that covers a variety of illegal acts, including shoplifting or taking the personal property of a friend, family member, or stranger without their consent.

According to the Criminal Code of Canada, a person commits theft when they take something that belongs to another person with the intent to temporarily or permanently deprive them of that good.

Theft is generally divided into two categories:

  1. Theft in an amount over $5,000
  2. Theft in an amount at or less than $5,000

In order to be found guilty of theft in Canada, the Crown Prosecutor will be required to prove beyond a reasonable doubt each of the following elements:

  • That you moved something, caused something to be moved, or began to move something that belonged to someone else;
  • That you moved the property with intent to steal it either temporarily or absolutely without the owner’s consent; and
  • The approximate value of the property you tried to steal.

There are many effects of a theft charge that may not be immediately apparent to someone unfamiliar with the law.

For example, individuals may be banned from certain premises under the Trespass to Property Act, or issued letters of demand from lawyers requesting payment for civil losses.  Other consequences can include civil lawsuits, loss of employment, and even incarceration.


If you have been charged with type of property offence, including theft, call Nikolas now at 613-233-2542.